Construction and Demolition Debris

Construction and demolition debris or C & D is created when old buildings are torn down or rehabilitated, when roads and sidewalks are replaced or as a result of other construction and deconstruction activities. The resulting material can include concrete, bricks, painted and treated wood, untreated wood, particle board, metal from pipes and wires, roofing material including asphalt shingles and a host of others.

In Vermont, Act 250 requires a Construction Waste Management Plan for projects involving more than 5,000 square feet of construction and/or demolition. VT ANR staff will work with applicants to find ways to reuse and recycle materials to reduce the amount of material sent to landfills. This can save applicants money, especially for relatively easily recyclable materials like metal.

For smaller projects and do it yourself work, transfer stations accept construction and demolition debris, but charge for the amount of material. Again, finding alternatives by reusing or recycling materials can save small contractors and property owners money.

For more information on construction and demolition debris in Vermont, visit http://dec.vermont.gov/waste-management/solid/materials-mgmt/construction-waste

Burning materials can be dangerous and release toxins into the atmosphere. A permit is required for open burning (http://dec.vermont.gov/air-quality/compliance/open-burning). While it may be possible to burn clean wood, any kind of treated wood will release toxic substances. See this guide for more information on clean wood disposal. More information on this and ideas on recycling can be found here.

Asphalt, Brick and Concrete (ABC)

Asphalt, brick and concrete (ABC) are solid wastes generated during road construction, site work, and building construction and demolition. ABC waste is dense, difficult to transport, prone to improper disposal, and expensive to landfill. Improper management can result in problems of noise, dust, odor and unsightliness. ABC coated with lead-based paint or impregnated with contaminants may be a risk to human health or the environment. When processed, bituminous concrete (“asphalt”) is readily reusable and valuable as aggregate or feedstock for new bituminous concrete. Uncontaminated waste brick and concrete also can be processed into aggregate.

Recyclable C & D Materials

Lumber: Substantial cuts can be kept for future jobs or given to do-it-yourselfers. Smaller pieces of natural, untreated wood can be used for kindling in woodstoves. Also, several companies now have equipment to chip wood for fuel or other purposes. Clean wood is banned from landfills.

Plywood, particle board, pressed board, and similar materials: Again, keep substantial cuts for future jobs or give them to do-it-yourselfers. Don’t burn scraps; the glues used to make the sheets contain toxic substances.

Copper pipe and wire: Copper has high salvage value. Don’t strip wire by burning; the plastic or rubber coating emits pollutants when burned, and burnt copper is worth less. Some salvage yards with stripping machines accept unstripped wire.

Paint: Paint is accepted at many retail stores and at household hazardous waste events. See for listings.

Metal roofs and other metals: Numerous scrap metal yards accept a wide variety of metals, including tin and steel alloys.

Gypsum board: Gypsum is a recyclable material.

Corrugated cardboard: Corrugated cardboard is easily recycled at numerous private recycling companies. Several salvage yards around the state accept usable construction materials.